lunes, 19 de marzo de 2012

Beatrice of Portugal. Queen Beatrice of Castile

Beatrice of Portugal (Coimbra, February 1373 - Crown of Castile, c. 1420) 2 Daughter of King Ferdinand I of Portugal and his wife Queen Leonor Tellez de Meneses.

During his early years, Beatriz was a pawn in the shifting political alliances of his father King Ferdinand I of Portugal, and he was negotiating successive marriages. By his marriage with King Juan I of Castile, Beatrix became queen consort of Castile, and the death of his father, his mother assumed the regency on behalf of Beatrice, which was proclaimed queen. The opposition to the regency, the fear of Castilian domination and the loss of Portuguese independence, produced a popular rebellion and a war in whichcivil3 faced on one side, the Master of Avis, illegitimate brother of Ferdinand and proclaimed regent and defender of the kingdom, and on the other, King Juan I of Castile, husband of Beatrice, who had taken the title of King of Portugal in right of hiswife, had invaded the kingdom and had obtained the transfer of the regency governmentof Leonor. Finally, the master of Avis was proclaimed King of Portugal, and Juan I of Castile was finally defeated in Aljubarrota.

Queen Beatrix since it handled and cared for maintaining the Portuguese exiles in Castile dynastic loyal to their cause to the Portuguese throne after the death of her husband went to second place in the Spanish court. But the dynastic cause embodiedstill remained in force and hindering the normalization of relations between Castile andPortugal. Since the second decade of the fifteenth century the paper trail is fading until it disappeared around 1420.

She was born in Coimbra (Portugal), during the brief siege imposed Castilian troopsduring World War II Fernandina. Courts in Leiria (Portugal) from 1376 sworn byaccepting heiress Beatrice and her commitment to the Duke of Benavente. Thebetrothal of words was done in Leiria on 24 November 1376 and January 3 was accepted by Henry II of Castile. To ensure the succession to the throne in Beatrice, Queen Eleanor devised a plot in which he accused of adultery by the sister of the queen,named Mary Teles, who was the wife of Prince John. In 1379 John murdered his wife inCoimbra, and although he later won the royal pardon, he chose to flee to Castile-fearingfamily of the deceased. That same year died King Henry II of Castile.

After learning of the death of the king and the rise of John to the throne, the Portuguese court sought the commitment of Beatrice with the firstborn of the new king, Henry III. In 1380 the marriage agreement was signed.

The marriage took place on April 2, 1383 in Salvatierra of Magicians. She dead in 1423

martes, 13 de marzo de 2012

Eleanor of Aragon and Sicily. Queen Eleanor of Castile.

Leonor of Aragon and Sicily (1358 - 1382) Princess of Aragon, being the daughter of King Pedro IV of Aragon and Eleanor of Sicily.

In 1362 he was betrothed to Alphonsus of Castile, son and heir of the Castilian kingPeter I the Cruel, but that death was the conclusion of a new marriage with the future John I of Castile, son of the brother of Pedro I, Enrique II of Castile, who disputed theCastilian throne and with whom he was fighting a civil war.

After the victory of Peter I on his brother in the battle of Najera, fought in 1367Peter I of Castile declared null the marriage, so marriage was not held until June 18, 1375, whenPeter had died .

Queen Eleanor of Aragon died in the castle of Cuellar during delivery, on August 13, 1382 

Blanche of Bourbon. Queen Blanche of Castile

Blanche of Bourbon (1339-1361). Noble French queen consort of Castile. It was the firstand, according to canon law, only lawful wife of King Peter I of Castile.

She was the daughter of the Duke of Bourbon Peter I and Elizabeth of Valois. A curious fact is that, despite going to ask the hand of Blanche de Bourbon, the Spanishdelegation, once in France, again reiterated the request that had been done to Blancaof Navarre, but she came to reject it for the same reasons. There is no knownexplanation for this event, but any objections put by members of that delegation to Blanca of Bourbon. Despite the doubts, the request marriage takes placeOn July 2, 1352 signed the treaty of alliance between France and Castile and the marriage contract, which was ratified five days later in France by King John II and on 4 November of that year, King Peter did the same in Castile.

All negotiations, payment of dowry, and the rich dowry that Blanche would Castilla, werefully processed and paid by King John II of France. The Duke of Bourbon was kept out.
However, King John II delayed the first payment of 25,000 guilders for Christmas, aswas agreed. The delegation which was to move to Blanche would take seven months toreach its destinationDuring its way to Castile, Blanca stops at Avignon, where he met the Pope Innocent VI, who became his main and only defender.
Blanche never wanted marriage, and even three times reneged on this, but, forced by King John II, his father, his brother and even his own sister Juana, accepts his fate.

The marriage between King Pedro of Castile and Blanche of Bourbon is celebrated inValladolid on June 3, 1353. However, after two days of the bond held, the king leaves his wife, refusing to live with her ​​anymore.

Immediately after being abandoned by the king, Blanche spends some time in MedinaSidonia by the Queen Mother, but when civil war broke out in Castile, the king orders to be sent to the castle of Arevalo and then the Alcazar of Toledo, from where she sendsletters to Pope Innocent VI in saying that king Peter had introduced great hardship.

Thanks to these letters, which quickly and conveniently made ​​public-the people of Toledo rebels against the king and takes the side of Blanche, which also bind manynobles. Blanche left the Alcazar, disobeying her husband and takes refuge in the cathedral, from where he organized his followers and even get to give financial supportfor their cause.

Between 1355 and 1359 is confined to Blanche Castle Bishops of Sigüenza, and is subsequently transferred to The Harbour of St. Mary, to prevent it from being released by the Aragonese side and outside banner of their cause. Meanwhilethe king returnedto the castle of Urueña in Valladolid, where he lodged his mistress, Maria de Padilla,living with her permanently. 

In 1361, Blanche was sent to Medina Sidonia to keep her away from the fighting betweenPeter I and the kingdom of Aragon and at the same time, Pope Innocent VI lobbied forher release.

Queen Blanche died in 1361, aged 22, murdered by order of Peter the Cruel.

Mary of Portugal. Queen Mary of Castile.

Maria of Portugal (1313-1357). Infanta of Portugal, daughter of Alphonsus IV of Castileand Beatriz Bravo. Queen Consort of Castile by her marriage to Alphonsus XI or Alive,and Lady of Guadalajara, Talavera de la Reina and Olmedo.

She married Alphonsus XI of Castile in September 1328, in Alfayates. Alphonsus XI as part of the pledge he gave to Mary the cities of Guadalajara, Talavera de la Reina andOlmedo. It was not a very well-matched marriage, since Alfonso XI in 1327, when they were closer links with Portugal, he met Eleanor of Guzman, who fell in love and thefollowing year, when Eleanor was widowed started an affair with her that displaced thelegitimate queen and which had the result to 10 bastard children, including the futureKing Henry II of Castile.

On the death of King Alphonsus XI in 1350, Pedro (son of Mary) started a major influence on the government of the kingdom of Castile. In 1351, Queen Mary ordered the murder of Eleanor of Guzman. After the wedding of her son Peter the Cruel to Blanche of Bourbon, the Queen Dowager took part in the revolt noble, in 1354, against Peter I. 

Queen Mary died on January 18, 1357, at age 44. After the death of the queen, was buried in the Monastery of Saint Clement in Seville.

Constance Manuela of Villena. Queen Constance of Castile and Portugal

Constance Manuela of Villena (n. Garcimuñoz Castle, 1316 - m. 1345). She was queenconsort of Castile and Portugal. Daughter of Juan Manuel Infante and the InfantaConstance of Aragon and Anjou, which in turn was the daughter of King James II of Aragon.

With 9 years her father married her with Alphonso XI of Castile, who was 14 and had justcome of age to the throne. The marriage of Constance and Alphonsus was ratified by the courts of Valladolid (28-11-1325), but given the minority of Constance the marriagewas consummated, although titled Constance became Queen of Castile and used this title in their letters to his grandfather King James II of Aragon.

In 1327 she was divorced by Alphonsus XI be interested in marriage with the InfantaMary, daughter of the King of Portugal, Alphonsus IV in order to strengthen ties with thekingdom. Later she was imprisoned in the castle of Toro in the care of his nurse Teresa.

Don Juan Manuel's promise in 1331 to the heir of Portugal, Prince Peter, As Constanceis encircled in Castle GarcimuñozPeter marries her by proxy in Garcimuñoz Castle(03/28/1336). Later, after obtaining the permission of King Alphonsus to travel toPortugal, married in Lisbon on August 24, 1339. 

In the train of her riding the noble Galician Agnes of Castro, of which the prince fall in loveand with whom he married in secret after the death of Constance.


- Louis (1340, died at 8 days oldCrown Prince of Portugal.

- Mary (1342 - 1367) Marchioness of Tortosa.

- Ferdinand (1345 - 1383) Crown Prince of Portugal and later king of Portugal.

Constance died a few days after the birth of her third child due to puerperal fever.